3541

Business/Non Instructional Operations

Transportation

Purpose

The Board of Education will provide transportation, under provisions of state law and regulation for all students who qualify for such service, either by the use of district-owned vehicles or by contracting with private carriers.

The Superintendent/designee shall administer the operation so as to:

1.  Provide for maximum safety of students.

2.  Provide for an efficient, cost-effective operation.

3.  Assist disabled students appropriately.

4.  Enrich the instructional program through carefully planned field trips, as recommended by the staff.

5.  Provide for the scheduling and supervision of transportation service for athletic trips, activity buses, special education transportation, and career education transportation.

1.  Definitions

A.  "School Transportation" means the procedure, program or fully effective and implemented plan by which a student is conveyed to or from his/her residence or the bus stop at public expense, whether by use of publicly owned equipment or by contract.  Such transportation shall be over public roads approved by the municipality or private roads approved pursuant to C.G.S. Section 10-220c.

B.  "One Mile Walking Distance" means a reasonable measurement of a route to be traversed extending from the point of measurement at least 5,280 feet and up to 5,380 feet.

C.  "Grade K" means kindergarten, or a school program appropriate to a beginning student.

D.  "Hazard" means a thing or condition, as prescribed in these guidelines, affecting the safety of students walking to and from school.

E.  "Raised Walk Area" means a portion of the landscaped right of way at least three feet wide, usually parallel to the traffic lanes which may be paved or unpaved, distinguished by some elevation about the street pavement level and marked by curbing, drainage ditch, grass area, fending; apart from the independence of any white line safety markings along the street pavement.

F.  "Student" means any individual of school age enrolled in a public or non-profit private school located within the school district or contiguous school district as the case may be.

G.  "Temporary Conditions" means any circumstance or incident that alters the existing conditions of streets, walkways, or pathways defined through this policy that cannot be reasonably anticipated or planned for.

H.  "Location Markers" means milestones in proximity to school buildings that allow for accurate calculations of walking distances.  Distances from location markers to access points are measured to 1/100 of a mile.

I.  "Access Points" mean doorways that are approved for student use to enter a school building.

J.  "Walking Distance" means the linear measure of an authorized pedestrian route between the student's residence and his/her school.  Walking distances are calculated from a student's residence to his/her school using the following rules:

  Starting Point:  The corner of the student's residential lot (at the curb) that is closest to the nearest allowable Access Point to the school.

  Ending Point:  The nearest allowable Access Point to the school.

  By Way of:  The shortest route of travel between the Starting Point and Ending Point.

  These rules also apply to the calculation of walking distance from a student's residence to school bus stops established by the Board of Education.

  The walking route while a student is on school property (for purposes for the calculation of the walking distance) will be from the nearest allowable access point of the school, following established sidewalks or paved walkways/driveways, to the location marker established by the Newington Transportation Department that is in closest proximity to the student residence (see regulations for details).

2.  Maximum Walking Distances

The maximum walking distances from home to school or to a prescribed point of embarkation are the following:

a.  Students enrolled in kindergarten will be transported.

b.  Students enrolled in grades 1 through 4 - .75 miles.

c.  Students enrolled in grades 5 through 8 - 1.25 miles.

d.  Students enrolled in grades 9 through 12 - 1.75 miles.

Any walking route to either the bus stop or the school which is in excess of the above distances shall be reviewed by the Superintendent or his/her designee to determine the status of the condition.

The "one mile walking distance" standard (section 1-B) will be proportionally adjusted for "walking distance" calculations that are less than or in excess of the one mile definition.  This adjustment will be based on the walking distance maximum for specific grade levels.

3.  Hazardous Conditions

A.  A street or road having an adjacent or parallel sidewalk or raised walk areas shall be deemed hazardous when any one of the following conditions exists (excluding temporary conditions):

1.  For students enrolled in grades 1 through 4, absence of pedestrian crossing light or crossing guard where three or more streets intersect, and at street crossings where there are no stop signs or crossing guards, and the traffic count during the time that students are walking to or from school exceeds 60 vehicles per hour at the intersection.

2.  For students enrolled in grades 5 through 12, the absence of a traffic light or stop signs or crossing guard where three or more streets intersect and has a traffic count which exceeds 90 vehicles per hour during the time that students are walking to or from school.

3.  For all students, any street, road or highway with speed limits in excess of 40 miles per hour which do not have pedestrian crossing lights or crossing guards or other safety provisions at points where students must cross when going to or from school or the bus stop.

4.  For all students, the usual or frequent presence of any nuisance such as open manholes, construction, snow plowed or piled on the walk areas making walkways unusable, loading zones where delivery trucks are permitted to park on walkways, commercial entrances and exits where cars are crossing walking areas at speeds in excess of five miles per hour, and the like, including such nuisance which is hazardous or attractive to children.

B.  Any street, road or highway which has no sidewalks or raised walk areas, may be deemed hazardous if any one of the following conditions exists:

1.  For students enrolled in grades 1 through 4, any street, road or highway possessing a traffic count of 60 or more vehicles per hour at the time that the students are walking to or from school.

2.  For students enrolled in grades 1 through 8, the presence of man-made hazards with the exception of attractive nuisances as stated in number 3-A above.

3.  For students enrolled in grades 1 through 8, hazardous or attractive nuisances, within 25 feet of the edge of the roadway, as stated in number 4 above.

4.  For students enrolled in grades 1 through 4, any street, road or highway possessing a speed limit in excess of 30 miles per hour.

C.  Any street, road or highway which has no sidewalks or raised walk areas shall be deemed hazardous when the line-of-sight visibility together with posted speed limits do not permit vehicular braking/stopping in accordance with the Connecticut Drivers' Manual or Department of Transportation, Division of Design.

D.  Any walkway, path or ridge in an area adjacent or parallel to railroad tracks shall be considered hazardous unless a suitable physical barrier along the entire pedestrian route is present and fixed between students and the track; and any crossing of railroad tracks that carries moving trains during the hours that students are walking to or from school shall be deemed hazardous unless:

1.  A crossing guard is present.

2.  An automatic control bar is present at crossings used by students enrolled in grade 1 through 4, or a bar or red flashing signal light is operational when the crossing is used by students enrolled in grades 5 through 12.

E.  A stream, culvert, water-way or bridge shall be deemed a hazard if the size of the concrete pipe or opening under a bridge is greater than 4 feet in diameter, and in the absence of a fence or other suitable barrier fixed between the student and the water for students in grades 1 through 4.

F.  A lake or pond shall be deemed a hazard if the edge of the lake or pond is within 25 feet of the edge of the roadway for students in grades 1 through 4.

G.  Any area adjacent to a roadway, walkway, sidewalk or bridge having a drop of three or more feet per four feet of travel length on either side of the established lanes, the absence of a fence or other suitable barrier shall be deemed hazardous for students in grades 1 through 4.

H.  Any street, road, walkway, sidewalk or path designated as a walking route for all school students which pass through an area which has a history of aggressive acts or molestation resulting in actual or threatened physical harm or moral degradation during the hours when students ordinarily walk to or from school shall be deemed hazardous.

I.  Walking to or from school or the bus stop at any time prior to one half hour before sunrise or any time one-half hour after sunset shall be deemed hazardous for students in grades 1 through 8.

4.  The school administration shall seek the assistance of the Police Department (Safety Division) in determining the existence of a hazardous condition.

5.  These guidelines are applicable to private roads approved for passage of school transportation vehicles in accordance with C.G.S. Section 10-220c.

6.  Students possessing physical disabilities and/or health conditions rendering them unable to walk to either the bus stop or school, as determined by their physician and either the school medical advisor or School Nurse Administrator, shall receive appropriate transportation.  The Superintendent of Schools has the authority to grant either temporary or permanent exceptions to the policy as appropriate.

7.  The walking distance calculation rules included in this transportation policy also apply to students that attend either a public or private day care facility (considered an alternate stop) as long as both the student's residence and the day care facility location are within the same school district (i.e., John Paterson).  In addition, students that are assigned to an alternate stop in the afternoon may only have one drop off location during the week.  Split or intermittent drop-off schedules are not supported.

8.  Transportation services for special education students shall be determined on an individual basis.

9.  Eligibility for Transportation to State of Connecticut Vocational-Technical Schools.

Any resident of Newington under 21 years of age who is not a high school or vocational school graduate and who is attending a State Vocational-Technical School shall be eligible for transportation services as follows:

  Those Vocational-Technical School students that attend E. C. Goodwin Technical High School in New Britain shall be eligible for transportation services provided directly by the Newington Board of Education with no cost limits.

  Those Vocational-Technical School students that attend a Vocational-Technical School other that E. C. Goodwin Technical High School shall be eligible for transportation services only up to the financial limits specified in State of Connecticut Statute C.G.S. 10-97.

10.  Appeals and Hearings

School administration shall investigate the merits of any written request made by parents for school transportation that is not currently provided.  The issues and circumstances of the written request will be reviewed in conjunction with the facts obtained and the parameters of the established policy to render a decision based on the following procedure:

A.  Present the Director of Transportation Services with a written statement of appeal identifying the nature of any concerns.

B.  If no resolution is reached under (a) above, refer the written request of appeal to the Superintendent of Schools for additional review.

C.  Parents may appeal the administration's decision to the Board of Education. Section 10-186 of the Connecticut General Statues will be followed.

Measurement of Walking Distance - Walking distances from school shall be measured along recognized streets and walkways, based on the procedure outlined in section 1-B.  Any questions arising as to the measured walking distances shall be certified by the Town of Newington GIS Technician through use of the Town's mapping software.  Appeals will not be considered for mileage calculations based on personal mapping system software or devices.  This is due to variations in distance calculation methodologies that do not conform to the rules and procedures within the Newington Transportation Policy.

Bus Stops - Students shall be at the designated stops at the scheduled times to meet the buses.

Schedule - The driver shall maintain a regular schedule and shall be at designated points according to such schedule.

The Superintendent of Schools shall have the authority to grant either temporary or permanent exceptions to this policy based on the merits of the request.

Federal Compliance

Transportation will be provided for homeless students to and from the school of origin as required by the McKinney-Vento Act.

Legal Reference:   Connecticut General Statutes

10-97 Vocational Technical school transportation.

10-186 Duties of local and regional boards of education

10-220 Duties of boards of education

14-275 Equipment and color of school buses

14-275a Use of standard school bus required, when.

14-275b Transportation of handicapped students.

14-275c Regulations re: school buses and motor vehicles used to transport special education students.

14-276a (c) Town/school district may require its school bus operators to have completed a safety training course.

14-280 Letters and signals to be concealed when not used in transporting children. Signs on other vehicles

McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act of 2001, P.L. 107-110, 42 U.S.C., Sections 11431-11435

Policy adopted:  May 23, 2001

Policy revised:  September 24, 2008

Policy revised:  April 24,2013

3541

Business/Non-Instructional Operations

Transportation

Regulations to Support Board of Education Transportation Policy

Nearest Allowable Access Points of the Schools:

Newington High School:

North Entrance near Band Room-Veteran's Drive

Southeast Corner Entrance (East Side) - Willard Ave.

Gymnasium Entrance (South Side)- Willard Ave.

John Wallace Middle School:

Main Entrance (North Side) - Halleran Dr.

Martin Kellogg Middle School:

Main Entrance (North Side) - Harding Ave.

Rear Entrance (South Side) - Tom-Lin Rd.

Elizabeth Green Elementary School:

Main Entrance (North Side) - Thomas St.

Roseleah Drive Entrance (East Side)

Anna Reynolds Elementary School:

Main Entrance (North Side) - Reservoir Rd.

Lower Level Entrance (East Side) - Fenn Rd.

Ruth Chaffee Elementary School:

Main Entrance (East Side) - Superior Ave.

Lower Level Entrance (West Side) - Flagler Rd.

John Paterson Elementary School:

Main Entrance (North Side) - Halleran Dr.

Student Entrance (North Side) - Halleran Dr.

Media Center Entrance (South Side) - Church St.

Mile Marker Distances

Elizabeth Green Elementary School

  Roseleah Ave. & Connecticut Ave. to Roseleah entrance door (.25)

  Dewey Ave. & Connecticut Ave. to Roseleah entrance door (.28)

  Dewey Ave. & Oregon Ave. to Roseleah entrance door (.12)

  Olympia Ave. & Carriage Hill Dr. to Roseleah entrance door (.26)

  Walking path to corner of Olympia Ave. & Oregon Ave. to Roseleah entrance (.21)

  Thomas St. & Hartford Ave. to front door (.08)

  Cedar Ridge Rd. & Frank St. to front door (.12)

Anna Reynolds Elementary School

  Reservoir Rd. & Barnard Rd. (high #s) to front door (.18)

  Reservoir Rd. & Barnard Rd. (low #s) to front door (.19)

  Walking path NE corner to Fenn Rd. to front entrance (.15)

John Paterson Elementary School

  Church St. & New Britain Ave. to front door (.32)

  Church St. & Beacon St. to Church St. door/side door (.13)

  Halleran Dr. & Turkey Hill Rd. to front door (.13)

Ruth Chaffee Elementary School

  Superior Ave. & Flagler Rd. to front door (.20)

  Superior Ave. & Brockett St. to front door (.07)

  Walking Path & Kenlock St. to rear entrance (.14)

Martin Kellogg Middle School

  Harding Ave. & Michael Ln. to front entrance (.14)

  Harding Ave. & Lloyd St. to front entrance (.19)

  Walking Path & Lloyd St.to rear entrance (.21)

  Tom-Lin Rd. & Gilbert Rd. to rear entrance (.14)

John Wallace Middle School

  Halleran Dr. & Church St. to front entrance (.26)

  Halleran Dr. & Willard Ave. to front entrance (.26)

  Fleetwood Rd. & Lincoln Rd. to front entrance (.14)

Newington High School

  Walking Path & Old Farms Dr. to South entrance (.31)

  Willard Ave. & Cedar St. to Southeast entrance (.29)

  Willard Ave. & Sunset Rd.to North entrance (.13)

Standard Operating Procedures

Family Notification When Students Advance to Middle School

By July 1st each year, the Board of Education shall provide a special notification to families who have students that are advancing from Elementary School to Middle School for the upcoming school year.  This special notification will inform families that the Board of Education Transportation Policy is different at the Middle School level and that transportation services for their student may be different during the succeeding school year.

Regulation approved:  April 24, 2013